Landscape and ecological basics of agricultural developmentof the territory of the North Kazakhstan region

Author(s):  Sergey V. Pashkov, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, North Kazakhstan State University named after M. Kozybayev, Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan, Dean of the faculty of mathematics and natural Sciences ,

Issue:  Volume 43, № 4

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  The author regards the principles of landscape and geographical organization of agriculture in the old developed regions of the country on the example of the North Kazakhstan region. The history of agriculture in the region dates back to the middle of the 18th century – plowing of meadow steppes of forest and steppe landscapes and continuous land use with varying degrees of intensity. Wide scale virgin development of complex (with saline) soils of moderately arid and dry steppes, together with their frontal plowing, caused a number of environmental and economic problems. Based on territory studies and in connection with them, the dynamics of agricultural development of all types of landscapes for 1953–2019 was determined. Currently, the potential of arable land is exceeded in all forest and steppe landscapes, which poses a threat to the environmental sustainability of agriculture. The author made the assumption that the only environmentally acceptable scenario for the development of the industry should be its diversification – a departure from the monograming invariant, as well as a transition to contour and reclamation agriculture in combination with landscape planning.

Keywords:  adaptive landscape agriculture, agricultural development, arable land category, landscape planning, landscape potential, North Kazakhstan region

Full text (PDF):  Download

Downloads count:  320