The Demographic Ageing of the Population in the Regions of the Central Federal District

Author(s):  N.V. Yakovenko, no, no, Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia, n.v.yakovenko71@gmail.com

I.V. Komov, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia

I.V. Safonova, no, no, Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia

M.V. Derevyagina, no, no, Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia, преподаватель кафедры социально-экономической географии и регионоведения

Yu.A. Gosteeva, no, no, Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia

Issue:  Volume 43, № 2

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  The current demographic situation in many countries of the world, as well as in the Russian Federation, is characterized by a number of unfavorable trends: the birth rate reduction, the ageing of the population, the issue of migration. However, the issue of demographic ageing occupies one of the most important places. The purpose of the research is to reveal the issues of demographic ageing in the regions of the Central Federal district (on the example of the Voronezh region). Research methods: historical, system, analysis and generalization, statistical. The results of the research showed that the process of population ageing in Russia does not stop, and its indicators are approaching the level of this indicator in economically developed European countries. On the example of one of the regions of the Central Federal district – the Voronezh region – the issue of demographic ageing has been revealed. The following trends have been identified: 1) the population of municipalities of the Central Federal district continues to decrease. In all regions of the Central Federal district in recent years, the negative dynamics of the population number was observed, except for Moscow, Belgorod, Voronezh and Kaluga regions; 2) the greatest intraregional disproportions in population dynamics are observed in Kursk, Smolensk, Kaluga regions, the smallest – in Vladimir, Tula and Belgorod regions; 3) there is an increased proportion of the population over the working age compared to the average in the Central Federal district, which imposes on local authorities additional issues related to the organization of social services; 4) in the studied municipalities of the Central Federal district there were observed the worst in comparison with the all-Russian and average in the Central Federal district overall mortality and fertility rates due to the relatively old structure of the population and the depressive demographic situation. The steady trends of population ageing put forward serious socio-economic, psychological, medical, social and ethical issues before the Russian society. There is a need for a more in-depth research of the of “demographic ageing” phenomenon to adjust the developed and planned for the implementation of demographic and socio-economic policies. The results of the research can be used to implement social policy measures aimed at effectively solving the issues of demographic development of the region, which will significantly improve the population life quality.

Keywords:  demographic ageing, population, Central Federal district, Voronezh region, forecast.

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