Anthropogenization of the Korotoyak Don Territory Region and its Landscape-Ecological Consequences

Author(s):  I.S. Nazarov, no, no, Natural, architectural and archeological museum-reserve Divnogorye, Voronezh, Russia,

Vladimir B. Mikhno, Dr., Prof., Voronezh State University,, Voronezh, Russia, Professor of the Department of physical geography and landscape optimization,

Issue:  Volume 43, № 2

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  The main goal of the research is to establish the degree and tendencies of the anthropogenic transformation of landscapes in one of the old developed regions of the Central Russian forest-steppe, to identify landscape-ecological consequences of economic activity. The article reflects the change which is tightly connected with an anthropogenic load on the Korotoyak Don Territory, situated in the center of Voronezh region, over a period of more than 200 years. Here we make the description of the modern structure of landscapes at the level of terrain types and landscape-ecological situation. In addition, we describe main nature features of the studied area and main types of the land use in the 18th and 20th centuries. To assess the degree of Korotoyak Don Territory anthropogenization we used the coefficient of anthropogenic transformation of the landscape by P.G. Shishchenko. In addition, we used such materials and methodic like the plan of General bordering of the studied area of the late 18th century, topographic maps of the 20th century, modern satellite imagery, field research, cartographic and mathematic methods. Also this is an attempt to predict the future landscape and ecological state of the studied area. Attention is focused on the need to take into account the possible transformation of landscapes with an increasing anthropogenic press on the territory. This forecast indicates the need to develop and implement measures aimed at optimizing and preserving in many respects unique landscapes of the Korotoyak Don Territory.

Keywords:  landscape science, landscape structure, landscape ecology, landscape prognosis, anthropogenic landscape.

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