Long-Term Geoinformation Monitoring of Mining-Technical Landscapes of the Steppe Zone of Russia with Application of the Spectral IndexAuthor(s): S.A. Dubrovskaya, candidate of Sciences, Institute of Steppe of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
S.Yu. Noreyka, Institute of Steppe of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, Russia, email@example.com
Issue: Volume 43, № 1
Rubric: Earth sciences
Annotation: On the basis of many years of geo-information and cameral data of different periods, an assessment of the anthropogenic impact on the sections of the mining-technical complexes within the urban-geological systems of the steppe zone was carried out. Used data of field observation of the objects of study. The geoecological aspects of the influence of mining landscapes on the natural and man-made environment of the cities of Chelyabinsk and Orenburg regions are analyzed. In areas of deposits located within an urbanized territory, the degree of landscape transformation and restoration has been established, which directly depends on the type of mining geosystem, the extracted raw material resource and the time of development impact. The studied urbanized areas of the steppe zone are ranked by the degree of anthropogenic environmental impact. Negative consequences for the urban landscape and in general comfortable living of a person are as follows: landslides, landslides, rupture violations of the territories adjacent to the mine, accumulation of significant amounts of waste, the emergence of sludge dumps and dumps, environmental pollution (atmosphere, drinking water, soil cover, degradation and destruction flora and fauna), which directly affects the socio-ecological well-being of the population. The deposits of ore and combustible minerals located within the urban ecosystem of Korkino and Guy are defined as objects with a very high degree of anthropogenic pressure and transformation changes. In Sol-Iletsk, the situation on the studied parameters is satisfactory.
Keywords: urbogeosystem, subsoil use, technomorphogenesis, landscape transformation, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), multispectral data, state of vegetation, anthropogenic impact.
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