Improving the quality of vocational education for persons with disabilities through the use of the international classification of functioning, disability and health

Author(s):  I.R. Myasnikov, St. Petersburg Institute of advanced medical experts Ministry of labor of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 38, № 1

Rubric:  Pedagogics

Annotation:  In the modern system of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities in the structure of the existing biopsychosocial model of disability, the main directions for achieving the full integration of persons with disabilities into society are the restoration of abilities in educational, labor and social activities based on the implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. In this regard, this article discusses the methodological approaches to the use of domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, with the need for individual coding of these domains when describing physical, psychological, social, occupational, disability status indicators. The role of the influence of the environment, namely technical, social, political, legislative and administrative characteristics on the process of obtaining education by the disabled, is emphasized. The paper notes that the state of the environment has a positive (facilitating) or negative (interfering) effect on a disabled person in the process of receiving vocational education. Questions of medico-social expertise and vocational rehabilitation of disabled persons mastering vocational education programs are revealed. Provides regulatory provisions for expert evaluation of the ability to learn from people with disabilities with varying degrees of limitations. Special attention is paid to the need for rehabilitation impact on the personal characteristics of the disabled person, related to his activity and participation in the educational process and environmental factors. The importance of identifying environmental barriers and their elimination to improve the quality of vocational education of people with disabilities is emphasized. Environmental barriers can arise mainly at two levels: the microenvironment - the closest environment of the disabled person and the macroenvironment - systems, installations, services, administrative norms, policies. The elimination of the identified barriers and ensuring the accessibility of the educational process for people with disabilities will contribute to the effectiveness of their development of vocational education programs.

Keywords:  persons with disabilities, vocational education, ICF, quality, environment, participation.

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