Development of Land Forests of the Belgorod Region for the 400-year period

Author(s):  A.B. Degtyar, candidate of Sciences, LLC «GK Agro-Belogorie», Belgorod, Russia,

O.I. Grigoreva, candidate of Sciences, Department of Agro-Industrial Complex and Environmental Reproduction of the Belgorod Region, Belgorod, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 42, № 4

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  The forest cover changes in Belgorod region from the 16th century to the 21st century had analyzed in this article. The statistical data from the Rosreestr Administration for the Belgorod Region, the explanatory text in Book of the Big Drawing, also cartographic material of the general surveying, GIS methods and a series of time-varying satellite data have been use in this study. As a result of the study of the historical timing of forest spreading on the territory of the region, we had created a map of the forest cover of the 16th and 18th centuries, which determines the extent of degradation of forest tracts, as well as the causes of these changes. The positive dynamics of changes in forest area, due to afforestation of disturbed and degraded agricultural lands, creation of erosion forest belts on arable and pasture lands, carried out in the period from 1953 to the present time, is given. Comparative data on forest cover in the 19 th century, 1953 and 2013 years are given. Different maps of the forest area of the region were drawn up in the context of municipal districts. The most afforested, as well as with the least proportion of forest areas and municipalities and river basins that need further afforestation, have been identified.

Keywords:  agroforestry, degradation of forest areas, forest cover, river basin.

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