Resources Focused Cities in Permafrost Zone (Ecological and geomorphological challenges and solutions)

Author(s):  E.A. Likhacheva, Dr., Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia

L.A. Nekrasova, associate Professor, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

I.V. Chesnokova, Dr., Water Problems Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 42, № 4

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  Ecological challenges of the resources focused cities in the Arctic zone of Russia are associated with the specific of environment and increasing of human impact. Mining typically turns the terrain into a zone of ecological disaster, because the intensity of the economic activity influence is much higher than the speed of natural relief-forming processes development in the mining regions. Ecological-and-geomorphological analysis of the territory, creation of sustainability maps and forecast of geomorphological processes development under the influence of natural and technogenic factors could be one of the tools for long-term planning of the related to resources cities operation. This will allow to assess catastrophic risks from extreme weather-and-climate aspects and to develop a system of measures on dealing with a problem of the economic system stability to the impact of hydrometeorological conditions.

Keywords:  related to resources cities, geological-and-geomorphological conditions, cryolithic zone, engineering-and-cryolithic processes, ecological-and-geomorphological analysis, forecast, «sustainability maps».

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