Organization of Rational Use of Reindeer Pastures With the Use of Optimization models

Author(s):  L.N. Gileva, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Tyumen industrial University, Tyumen, Russia, giljovaln@tyuiu.ru

Issue:  Volume 42, № 3

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  The paper covers the problems of traditional use of natural resources associated with the progressive increase in the number of the deer population, the reduction of deer pasture areas, their overgrazing and degradation in the Yamal region of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (YNAO). It provides grounds for the necessity of applying optimization models for organizing the rational use of deer pastures. Calculations are provided to establish the correspondence between the optimal number of deer and the necessary area of pastures with a 100 percent supply of fodder. The necessity of land use procedures for the organization of deer pastures with the application of optimization models is indicated. When developing projects for in-farm land management of agricultural enterprises, projects for deer pasture management for their rational use, the use of optimization models will allow: creating conditions for the organization of managed deer pastures; regulating the formation of deer herds, their size and structure, depending on the pasture season; ensuring the timely migration of herds to the sites of seasonal pastures; reserving parts of seasonal pastures for use in unfavorable periods; providing a controlled slaughter of deer

Keywords:  traditional nature management, reindeer husbandry, reindeer herding, seasonal pastures, economicо-mathematical models, pasture depletion

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