Method of the Identification, Survey and Description of Human Activity Objects in the Protection Zones of Water Objects

Author(s):  V.V. Mozzherin, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Kazan (Volga Region) federal university, Kazan, Russia

A.A. Kazhokin, Kazan (Volga Region) federal university, Kazan, Russia

A.Z. Satdarov, Kazan (Volga Region) federal university, Kazan, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 42, № 2

Rubric:  Earth sciences

Annotation:  In this article concept «object of human activity» has described. It is presented within the framework of a block of environmental works in determining the boundaries of the protection zones of water objects. The necessity observing of a special regime of economic and other activities within the water protection zones, coastal protection strips and coastal strips of water ponds and streams was considered. Also the requirements of the Russian Water Code in the protection of water objects and adjacent territories was analyzed. At the moment, there is absolutely no system of manuals or instructions of a methodological nature at the procedure for the identification and inspection of human activity objects, therefore the method of inspection and description of these objects with consideration of the requirements of the Water Code of the Russian Federation was proposed. This method was tested by the example of water objects for several subjects of the Russian Federation. In addition, recommendation of the negative impact reducing on water resources was given. The survey of human activity objects has many methodological and legislative difficulties. Therefore, the problem of integrated protection of surface water objects at the moment is still not fully resolved.

Keywords:  object of human activity, Water Code, water object, water resources protection, water protection zone, coastal protection strip.

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