Christianity at the European Bosporus in the Byzantine-khazars era

Author(s):  S.A. Ermolin, Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 45, №2

Rubric:  Topical issues of world history

Annotation:  It‟s written a lot about the Christianity on the Bosporus. However, archaeologically, any evidence of the existence of a Christian community on the Bosporus has not been revealed. At the end of the 6 century A.D. practically the entire population living on the Kerch peninsula – the ancient Bosporus – leaves com-pact settlements. This was the result of the capture of the Bosporus and part of the Crimea by the Turks in 576. Crimea was liberated by Byzantium in 590, but people did not return to the abandoned territory. By-zantium relocates the Christian population from its territories. Simultaneously, new ones are brought to Bosporus – Christian burial rites and a new type of funeral structures – stone boxes – for the late Bospo-rus. A new construction equipment is brought to Bosporus and the whole Crimea – opus spicatum (ma-sonry in the herringbone). The city of Bosporus is being rebuilt, and a Christian church is being built in its center, which has survived to this day under the name of John the Baptist. Churches are also being built in rural settlements. Bosporus becomes Christian

Keywords:  Christianity, Bosporus, Byzantine, Khazar, history, archeology, necropolis, funeral im-plements

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