THE RESTORATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE HEALTH SYSTEM IN KARELIA IN THE POST-WAR YEARS (THE SECOND HALF OF THE 1940-s – MID 1950-s.

Author(s):  L.I.Vavulinskaja, candidate of Sciences, no, Institute of Language, Literature and History, Karelian Research Centre, Petrozavodsk, Russia, ludvav@mail.ru

Issue:  Volume 45, №1

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  In the article on the basis of introduction of the whole complex of new archival documents for scientific use the main problems of recovery and development of health facilities of Karelia in the first postwar decade are considered. It points the general regularities and regional peculiarities of activity of medical institutions of the region, associated with a large dispersion and inaccessibility of the settlements, widely used in the Republic since the late 1940s, industrial and agricultural resettlement from other regions of the country, the acute shortage of medical personnel. There is a significant difference in the level of medical care in urban and rural areas. It underlines that the reform of the health care organization, carried out in the USSR in the late 1940s – early 1950s had mixed effects. It is emphasized that, despite the fact that not all health problems in the Republic could be overcome, were made important steps for the restoration of medical institutions, improvement of their material-technical and personnel equipment, expansion of spe-cialized medical care, implementation of new methods of diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords:  health care, medical personnel, protection of motherhood and childhood, health care reform in the postwar years.

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