Evolution of ideas about freedom in the political and legal doctrine of Russian conservatism of the XIX century

Author(s):  A.Yu. Kuzubova, candidate of Sciences, no, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh, Russia, angelinakuzubova@mail.ru

Issue:  Volume 44, № 4

Rubric:  Actual Problems of Legal Regulation

Annotation:  Appeal to the study of ideas about freedom in the political and legal doctrine of domestic conservatism is relevant because of the existing problems of the effectiveness of legal regulation, due to the unformed system of legal values, confrontation of their individual groups. Despite its importance, the axiological potential of freedom in the conservative dimension remains poorly understood. The article presents an attempt to analyze the phenomenon of freedom, differently perceived in the liberal and conservative political and legal doctrines of the XIX century. The views of the leading conservative thinkers of the prerevolutionary period were Considered: N.M. Karamzin, ideologists of Slavophilism K.S. Aksakov, I.S. Aksakov, A.S. Khomyakov, conservatives of the second half of the XIX century K.N. Leontiev, F.M. Dostoevsky, L.A. Tikhomirov, etc. the conclusion was Made about the binary perception of the concept of freedom, the allocation of external and internal freedom, which allows to focus on the content component of the phenomenon. Philosophical and legal understanding of freedom can influence the quality of legal reality in the context of improving the mechanisms of formation and development of legal consciousness.

Keywords:  freedom, legal values, conservative doctrine, positive freedom, negative freedom.

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