The modern LED-technologies in treatment of periodontal diseases

Author(s):  G.B. Kobzeva, Polyclinic of the Military Medical Service of the Office of the Federal Security Service of Russia in the Lipetsk Region, Lipetsk, Russia,

S.N. Gontarev, Dr., Prof., Белгородский государственный национальный исследовательский университет, Belgorod, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 42, № 3

Rubric:  Stomatology

Annotation:  WHO data (2002) demonstrate the spread of inflammatory periodontal diseases in 95% of the adult population. High prevalence of periodontal disease in adolescents (55–89 %), adults (65–95%), and older (95 %) individuals makes it a public health concern. The article presents the aspects, of assotiated internal and oral pathologys. It was proved that the treatment using was as a result, with a combined pathology, the patient accumulates and summarizes the drugs used, which subsequently leads to a decrease in their effectiveness. The possibility of development of resistance to antibiotics, has led to the development of a new concept with fewer complications. In microbial associations, a violation of biochemical equilibrium occurs, a change in the virulence of microflora occurs, leading to inhibition of the immune system of the individual. Relevant is the population’s request for the use of modern non-invasive and painless treatment methods. If pulsed light with correctly selected parameters is used, biological processes occur as efficiently as possible. There is an increase in metabolism, as a result, the healing of wounds and other injuries is accelerated, inflammation and swelling are reduced and the pain syndromes subsiding. At the systemic level, it has a beneficial effect on the neuroendocrine and immune systems, hematopoiesis and blood circulation, general metabolism, trophism and regeneration. It is proved that modulated light radiation in a pulsed mode has a significant advantage in its biological and therapeutic effects in relation to continuous radiation as an alternative method of treatment of inflammatory diseases of periodontal tissues it was proposed the inclusion of LED-technologies in a complex of therapeutic measures. A Laser is a high-energy beam of light that can transfer its energy into specific areas. LED although technically are not lasers, use of light that work in a similar way to lasers. A number of positive effects are detail described which it is possible to reach in treatment of periodontal diseases using of LED-technologies. The final results of the study indicate the advantage of conservative therapy and the use of LED technologies in comparison with the results obtained only after of conservative therapy, but also are demonstrate the achievement of good treatment results in all patients without exception.

Keywords:  LED-technologies, periodontal diseases treatment.

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