Image of the USA in interpretation of journalists of the military periodical publication «The chronicle of war with Japan»

Author(s):  V.V. Frolov, candidate of Sciences, Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 38, № 3

Rubric:  Journalism and public relations

Annotation:  The article analyzes the image of the United States, which was formed in the pages of its publication correspondent’s of the military magazine « The Chronicle of the War with Japan» in the period when Russia was in the worst military confrontation with Japan in the Far East, and the USA sought to take the place of one of the leading players in the international arena. When writing this research, more than 70 issues of the «The Chronicle...» were analyzed. As part of this work, the author identifies the following distinctive features of the image of the United States created by journalists of the military periodical «The Chronicle of the War with Japan»: a young state that is gaining strength, seeking to expand its influence in the world, including the Far Eastern region; a country that did not see its direct enemy in Russia, but did not feel any sympathy for it; a state that prioritizes its own national interests, which predetermine its foreign policy; a country in whose politics a clear calculation prevails in relation to other states. According to the results of the research, it is concluded that in Russia already at the beginning of the 20th century, the periodical press was assigned a special role in the information impact on the minds and minds of people. Government publications on their pages could form almost any image of a state or nation («positive», «neutral» or «negative») that would be necessary at a certain point in the history of the current government and would correspond to the political interests of the Russian Empire

Keywords:  information impact, public consciousness, USA, the magazine «The Chronicle of the War with Japan», the Russian-Japanese War of 1904–1905, the history of Russian journalism

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