Grammatical-communicative functions of the russian particles in the speech sphere

Author(s):  I.A. Nagorny, Jilin University, Changchun, China,

Issue:  Volume 38, № 3

Rubric:  Linguistics

Annotation:  The study of communicative properties of russian particles shows that the functional characteristics of these grammatical official language means are very important in the pragmatic aspect, which are most clearly manifested in the performance of a whole complex of grammatical and communicative functions by particles. These functions performed by particles in the speech sphere, have a certain functionality that requires careful study in the scientific plane. The functional potential of russian particles is incredibly wide, which means that each of these functions, both individually and collectively, is of particular interest to researchers. The article analyzes the emotional-typological representative-explication, expressive, localisation and functions of particles, and also describes the parameters of the functioning of these linguistic resources in the formation of declining offers, performing as independent member of the sentence with the replacement of significant words, the increase in the degree of speech influence on the addressee and updating the reported. The functional characteristics of russian particles as a tool of the speaker's speech influence on the addressee in the communicative process are investigated. The role of these linguistic means in the development of pragmatically valuable situational meanings in speech dialogue is established.

Keywords:  russian particles, grammatical functions, communicative functions, speech sphere, communicative process, speech influence

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