Author(s):  V.N. Finogentov, Dr., Prof., Orel State Agrarian University named after N.V. Parahin, Orel, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 44, № 2

Rubric:  Logics, Methodology and Philosophy of Science

Annotation:  The article critically examines the position of the authors who, referring to the achievements of modern neuroscience, deny the reality of human freedom (will). In particular, it is shown that this position implicitly implies the justice of a certain ontology. This ontology, in turn, is based on highly controversial ideas. First, it is based on the idea of pre-determinism, which States that the present is uniquely determined by the past. Second, it is based on the idea of monolingualism, suggesting that the Genesis of the universe can be ordered through a single (universal, global) time. Then the hypothesis is put forward and substantiated, according to which the freedom (will) of a person can be "saved" within the framework of a fundamentally different ontology. This – other-ontology, on the one hand, abandons the idea of pre-determinism, on the other hand, uses to describe the temporal properties of man as a multi-level subject of existence, many different times (the idea of polytemporalism). At the same time, a significant role in the "salvation" of human freedom (will) is played by the assumption of the presence of a certain structure in the continuing present, in which the corresponding subject of being resides and moves freely.

Keywords:  freedom (of the will) of man, neuroscience, ontology, determinism, predeterminism, monotemporalism, polytemporalism, own time, continuing to the present

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