Organizational and legal frameworks for the formation of agricultural education in Taurida province (first half of the 19th century)

Author(s):  Yu.V. Chudnevets, Crimean Federal University named by V.I. Vernadsky, Simferopol, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 46, № 1

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  The article considers and analyzes the governmental standards of the Russian Empire at the first half of the 19th century, which laid the foundation of agricultural education in the country. It is stated that the authorities attached great importance to the increase of the efficiency of Russian agricultural production, when attempts were repeatedly made at the highest level, to create a state system for training qualified personnel for the agro-industrial sector. Examples of private initiative in that process are given. Thus, Moscow Imperial Society of Agriculture initiated the opening of the first educational institution of the agricultural profile, namely, the Agricultural School; and the draft agrarian reforms put forward by the President of the Free Economic Society, N.S. Mordvinov, as well as the establishment of the Committee on the improvement of agriculture in Russia and its activities laid the organizational and legal basis for agricultural education in the Russian Empire. Inspection of agriculture in the southern provinces of the Russian Empire paid special attention to Taurida province, which, due to its natural and climatic conditions, became a territory for the creation and functioning of various agricultural educational institutions: horticultural schools, vine-growing schools, etc.

Keywords:  Russian Empire, Crimea, Taurida region, agricultural education, social and economic devel-opment.

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