Semantic dominant “Man” at french police argot

Author(s):  E.N. Mikhaylova, Dr., Prof., Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 38, № 1

Rubric:  Linguistics

Annotation:  The article deals with the contribution of Charles Etienne (1504? -1564) to the linguistic program of the French Renaissance. A general description of the versatile activity of this scientist, publisher, an erudite person and an outstanding representative of the French humanism of the first half of the XVIth century is given. An attempt is made to show that his works had an undoubted significance for the development of the French science and the French literary language. His contribution to the development of the French lexicography, which was enriched with excellent examples of linguistic, interlingual and encyclopedic dictionaries, is noted. His role in the creation of the French natural science terminology is emphasized. It is shown how he managed to modify the humanistic ideal of Homo trilinguis, as a result, French became a privileged language like Latin and Greek. It is concluded that Ch. Étienne was not only an active participant of the “adoration of Latin” movement but also one of the outstanding representatives of the French language “protection and glorification” process including its improvement and codification.

Keywords:  renaissance linguistic tradition, humanism, book-publishing, Charles Etienne, studia litterarum, natural science, encyclopedic learning, dictionaries.

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