The dualistic image of the American business magnet in the detective artistic discourse and language means of its representation (on the example of Sidney Sheldon's novel “Morning, day, night”)

Author(s):  E.V. Kobeleva, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 38, № 1

Rubric:  Linguistics

Annotation:  This article is devoted to the representation of the image of a businessman-magnate in American artistic discourse. The peculiarity of this work is that the image of a businessman is considered in the detective art discourse, namely in the novel of the classic detective genre Sidney Sheldon “Morning, noon, night”. The image of a businessman magnate used in this artistic text is analyzed through the prism of a number of different language tools used by the author to create this image in the context of the linguistic teaching about linguistic personality that is widespread today. The author notes that the choice of this type of hero for linguistic analysis is not accidental, since it occupies one of the central places not only in the work of this author, but also in American linguistic culture of the beginning of the 20th century. It is revealed that the chronotope of the text is different from the time of its creation, and therefore, requires particularly careful study. The author notes that the main orientation of the language personality ‘American businessman’ is money, and one of its main psychological characteristics is the passion for profit. These qualities, of course, are reflected in the analysis that forms the empirical part of the study. In conclusion of the article, based on the cognitive-discursive contextual analysis, the author concludes that the author presents his character dualistically - on the one hand, admiring him and his business qualities, on the other - implicitly condemning and reproving his hero for your goal. It is revealed that the main linguistic means of representing the image of a businessman-magnate are various metaphors, comparisons, expressive adjectives and idioms. It is noteworthy that the overwhelming part of the phraseological units, allowing to represent the image of a businessman-magnate, has a complex semantics, and therefore requires a special analysis.

Keywords:  cognitive linguistics, detective fiction discourse, American tycoon-businessman, dualistic image, language means

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