The crisis of agrarian relations in Siberia in the early twentieth century

Author(s):  M.I. Vtorushin, candidate of Sciences, Omsk State technical University, Omsk, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 45, № 4

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  The article deals with the problem of crisis development of land relations in Siberia during the Stolypin agrarian reform 1906–1914 s; the external and internal factors of aggravation of regional agrarian-peasant question and the impact of the state migration policy on this process. It is established that the agrarian crisis in the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries determined the aim of Russia to redistribute the land fund of peasants' landholding among the members of rural community in home country's provinces, primarily in the Chernozem area of the country and in the Volga region after the revolution in 1905, and required the authorities to organise the migration of the needy part of peasants of home country to the trans-Urals agrarian colony in order to solve the number of social-economical problems in the Russian empire. The practice of the state migration of European Russia peasants to Siberia with its agrarian, natural-climatic and ethnic particular characteristics at the turn of the centuries and the period of Stolypin's agrarian reform led to the formation of the regional agrarian-peasant issue which changed into the severe crisis of agrarian relations in the region. The problem is studied through the principles of dialectical materialism – historical method. The refore each statement is investigated in the historisms view in connection with other events of the epoch in the particular context of the time.

Keywords:  agrarian crisis, migration policy, Stolypin's agrarian reform.

Full text (PDF):  Download

Downloads count:  432