Development of military criminal legislation in the second half of XIX century

Author(s):  E.V. Safronova, Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia,

S.V. Chibisov, Joint-stock company «Lebedinsky Mining and processing plant», Gubkin, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 43, № 4

Rubric:  Actual Problems of Legal Regulation

Annotation:  The article analyzes the reform of the military criminal law in the second half of the XIX century. In this context, considering the issues of substantive criminal law and the problem of justice, and also explores the General contours of the judicial system. Despite the short duration of the period, it was marked by the adoption of several important decisions in the field under consideration. Military law, like many other branches of law at this stage, initially developed in a liberal way during the reforms of Alexander II (here, first of all, we are talking about judicial reform and its continuation in more narrow areas), and later during the reaction was used to establish detailed control over the sphere of military service and the establishment of strict discipline in the army. The paper presents an analysis of changes in the system of criminal liability of military personnel, studied the procedure for the implementation of regulations on the adversarial and transparency of the process in relation to the military criminal sphere, formulated the approach of the authorities to the problem of the degree of influence of administrative mechanisms on criminal proceedings.

Keywords:  military law, military criminal legislation, reform of the army, the judicial system, the military criminal justice.

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