Emergence and development of liberalism in Russia

Author(s):  S.P. Zolotarev, Dr., associate Professor, Stavropol state agrarian University, Stavropol, Russia, zolotarev26@ yandex.ru

T.N. Zolotareva, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russia, vor4yn@mail.ru

Issue:  Volume 45, № 3

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  The article proposes a new approach to the consideration of the origin and further development of liberal ideas in Russian society. Liberal attitude are the conditions that arose in the Russian society at the turn of XVIII and XIX century. The feature of formation and the essential basis of liberal ideology, in contrast to Western liberalism as a new philosophical idea, is considered. The analysis of philosophical liberalism and liberal philosophy in the works of the English philosopher I. Bentham. The problem of liberal philosophy, he considered in the context of philosophical and ethical framework, which is based on the concepts of political and economic liberalism. The philosopher proved this paradigm by the fact that the state consists of selfish individuals whose goal is personal success and economic benefits. The views of modern Russian philosophers on the sources of Russian liberal ideology development are reflected. Conclusions about the features in the formation and development of civil society on the basis of liberal ideology. The author's interpretation of the position of Russian philosophers and intellectuals who tried to adopt the

Keywords:  liberalism, reformation, society, state, freedom, law, philosophical liberalism, individual rights, subjective right

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