The food supply of the Russian western front during the First World War (1915–1917)

Author(s):  M.V. Os`kin, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Institute of Jurisprudence and Management of the All-Russian police association, Tula, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 45, № 3

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  During the First World War, Russia put up against the enemy frontline a few associations. One of them was the Western front, which existed from August 1915 until the end of the war. Aleksey Ermolaevich Evert commanded this front. The supply of the Russian army with food and fodder was an important task in the war period. The Western front had to rely on food deliveries from the depths of the Empire. This front was located in Belarus. In terms of the food supply, the success of stock replenishment was replaced by crises in the insufficient supply of goods. The Western Front survived the most difficult period during the winter of 1917. Weak supply of food to the front was one of the prerequisites of the February revolution, which abolished the Russian monarchy. General Evert refused to support Nicholas II because of this fact. However, after the revolution, supplies did not improve. On the contrary, the development of the revolutionary process led to new crises in the food front. Finally, the situation was resolved by the October coup, then the Bolsheviks have come to power

Keywords:  Western Front, General Evert, the food supply, forage, General military quartermaster, the revolutionary process, confiscation, the revolution of 1917

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