Introduction of the customs regime «porto-franco» in the Tavrida region in 1796–1802: reasons and consequences

Author(s):  N.D. Borshchik, Dr., Prof., Crimean Federal University named by V.I. Vernadsky, Simferopol, Russia,

D.A. Prokhorov, candidate of Sciences, Crimean Federal University named by V.I. Vernadsky, Simferopol, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 45, № 3

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  The article deals with the problems associated with the history of the formation and activities of the customs agencies of the Crimea after accession to Russia in 1783. The basis of this study was published and unpublished sources, concentrated in the Crimean libraries and archives. The measures taken by the Russian administration to modernize the customs bodies of the Taurida region and then, after its abolition, the region within the Novorossiya province, had analyzed. The prerequisites for the introduction on the peninsula for a number of customs points of the regime “porto-franco”, designed to ensure the growth of trade operations, contribute to a more dynamic economic development of the territories of individual port cities also. The reasons why this regime turned out to be not quite successful due to economic, political, demographic factors are defined. On the basis of archival documents, certain trends that led to a change in the customs legislation in the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 19th century were revealed

Keywords:  Crimea, Taurida region, customs, customs legislation, statistics, trade

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