Pragmatic functions of metaphors in the text (based on the novel by L. N. Tolstoy's "Anna Karenina»)

Author(s):  I.A. Nagorny, Jilin University, Changchun, China,

P.A. Cheresyuk, Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 37, № 3

Rubric:  Russian Philology

Annotation:  The article is devoted to the pragmatic aspect of metaphor in a literary text. It is established that the metaphor is not only a language category, but also a productive functional tool for the knowledge of the world. Based on the analysis of the language material of the novel L. N. Tolstoy "Anna Karenina" identifies and hierarchizes pragmatic characteristics of the functional component of the metaphor in the aspect of the formation of the reader's consciousness. A new functional approach to the description of the metaphor is actualized, which is focused on the fact that the metaphor is a set of its pragmatic functions in the literary text. It is revealed that functional and pragmatic potential of metaphors is the ability to expressive functions of speech influence. Depending on the settings of the author of the literary word, functional metaphor can actualize various discursive meanings and generate different subjective qualification of reality. An attempt is made to prove that the functional and pragmatic component of the metaphor is realized by means of evaluative-qualifying, expressive and influencing factors in the language and speech sphere

Keywords:  functional metaphor, system of functions, pragmatics, speech influence, evaluation, qualification, expressiveness, addressee

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