Frontier conception as a cognitive tool in studying the history of Russian-kazakhstan relations in the XVIII–XIX century

Author(s):  R.G. Bukanova, Dr., Prof., Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia,

A.A. Sharipov, Kokshetau State University. Sh. Ualikhanova, Kokshetau, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 45, №2

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  This article examines the possibility of applying the concept of a frontier in the study of Russian-Kazakh relations in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Until now, the application of the frontier concept to the history of the Turkic-speaking peoples of the Volga region, the Urals, Kazakhstan and Central Asia remains problematic. One of the important features of the frontier, according to Frederick Jackson Turner, is his mobility, gradual advancement of the conditional state border to new territories. In the east and south-east directions there were quite real borders of the states formed after the collapse of the Golden Horde, which is the main difference between the Russian frontier and the American one. The most stable state-legal traditions were preserved among the Kazakhs. Therefore, the use of the frontier concept in the study of Russian-Kazakh relations does not mean the resurrection of the traditional history of colonization. This methodological tool makes it possible to study equally equally the processes that occurred on both sides of the front line.

Keywords:  Russia, Kazakhstan, frontier, Turkic-Muslim and Slavic-Orthodox civilizations, fortified cit-ies, Orenburg fortified line

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