The situation on the border of the Ukrainian lands of the Polish-lithuanian common-wealth and Russia on the eve of the treaty of Pereiaslav 1654

Author(s):  A.I. Papkov, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russia, Papkov@bsu.edu.ru

Issue:  Volume 45, №2

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  The article analyzes the role of settlers from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the formation of military resources of the southern edge of Russia in the middle of the XVII century. Analysis of the situa-tion on the Russian-Ukrainian borderline in 1648-1653 allows us to conclude that with the beginning of the uprising B. M. Khmelnitsky in 1648, the situation on the border between the Ukrainian lands of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia deteriorated. The decision on the introduction of Ukraine into the Russian Tsardom has not changed the situation on the border. Concerns about the Ukrainian Cos-sacks remained until 1654. In comparison with the poles, Bogdan Khmelnytsky was set in relation to Russia is more loyal, but less control over the situation. The alliance with the Crimean Khan imposed on Hetman certain responsibility. B. M. Khmelnytsky had to repeatedly assure Khan ready together with the Tatars against Russia. Moreover, the threat of invasion of Russia allowed the Cossack Hetman to exert pressure on the Moscow government, demanding help from him. The Russian-Ukrainian relations until the occurrence of Ukraine in structure of Russia, was determined by political calculation and state securi-ty reasons. A new phenomenon began direct negotiations with the Zaporizhzhya state administration, in fact, a recognized holder of sovereign rights. However, this fact does not change the attitude to the Ukrainian Cossacks in the border area. They were still regarded as foreign nationals and as a constant source of threat to the Russian possessions. The situation changed only after the Treaty of Pereiaslav 1654, resulting in the former Polish citizens became subjects of the Russian Tsardom, and the area in question ceased to be a border area

Keywords:  Russian Tsardom; South of Russia; Dnepr-Don forest-steppe; Polish-Lithuanian Common-wealth; the treaty of Pereiaslav 1654; frontier; borderland, frontier

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