Theoretical models of the development of political integration in Western Europe (1940–1970s.)

Author(s):  I.N. Barkalova, Donetsk Academy of Management and Public Administration under the Head of the Donetsk People's Republic, Donetsk, the Donetsk People's Republic,

Issue:  Volume 45, №2

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  The problems associated with the formation or definition of the theoretical foundations of modern com-plex integration processes in Europe are objective in nature. This is due to deepening and enlargement of the EU in the context of changing theoretical approaches of political realism (the doctrine of realism), and political idealism. In our opinion, it is expedient to conduct theoretical and methodological research, in-cluding analysis of the current EU enlargement, as this factor strongly influences the system of interna-tional relations. In addition, we consider it appropriate to examine the theoretical understanding of the phenomenon of European integration through the prism of the formation of the EU as the real subject of modern international relations, which ultimately determines global strengthening of the geopolitical posi-tions of the united nations in Europe as a result of the far-reaching reforms in most of the EU and as a result of its recent expansion. The complexity of the situation, which is formed due to the expansion of the EU in the context of establishing European balance of power and balance of interests, on the one hand, it is in order to absorb or rather to «learn» a new geopolitical space, the EU has worked closely on the inside, and on the other (completely incomprehensible for the EU in nature), geopolitical space of Eastern Europe, whose components were forced to interact. But even now this interaction is ineffective

Keywords:  integration processes, the theoretical models, the geopolitical space, the European Union, po-litical realism, political idealism, the international relations system

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