The russian model of alcohol consumption: features and impact on population

Author(s):  S.A. Vangorodskaya, candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 43, №1

Rubric:  Sociology and Social Technologies

Annotation:  The article considers the influence of the Russian model of alcohol consumption on mortality rates of the Russian population. It is revealed that the scale of alcohol consumption in Russia exceeds the maximum permissible standards and poses a real threat to the health of the nation. The contribution of alcohol to mortality from cardiovascular diseases and external causes of death was analyzed. The influence of alco-hol component on mortality statistics of the working-age population is shown. It is indicated that the study of behavioral patterns associated with alcohol consumption is of particular importance. The alcohol consumption model is seen as one of the two main parameters that have (along with the volume of alco-hol consumed) a decisive impact on the health of the population. The main elements of the Russian model of alcohol consumption are highlighted. The characteristic of the main groups of factors (cultural, histori-cal, socio-economic and political) that influenced the formation of the Russian model of alcohol con-sumption is given. The conclusion about the necessity of taking into account the national peculiarities in the implementation of the state anti-alcohol policy is made

Keywords:  alcohol consumption, per population, life expectancy, cardiovascular disease, external causes of death, working population

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