October 1917 revolution in Russia: the ideology-theoretical bases and features of its implementation in russian

Author(s):  P.V. Kuzmin, Dr., Prof., V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia, pv.kuzmin@mail.ru

L.G. Khalanskaya , candidate of Sciences, associate Professor, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia, larazbritskaya@gmail.com

Issue:  Volume 44, №22

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  The article attempts to analyze the theoretical and ideological foundations of the October 1917 revolution in Russia, as well as the practice of its implementation by the Soviet government in the period from 1917 to 1924. By reading the works of domestic and foreign researchers, the set of ideas underlying the activities of the Bolshevik Party during the preparation and implementation of the October Revolution is set out. It is suggested that the immaturity of Russian economic and socio-cultural development on the eve of the revolution complicated the post-October development of Russian society. The novelty of the tasks to be solved after the revolution, the lack of a clear program of transformation and management experience, as well as the unity of the actions of the Soviet government led not only to the emergence of sharp contradictions in the socio-economic life of the country, but also to the infringement of the rights and freedoms of citizens of Russia, terror, and numerous victims. The conclusions note that the October Revolution as a complex phenomenon, an inseparable part of the history of our country, needs a balanced understanding of the intelligentsia, the older generation and the youth of Russia.

Keywords:  socialist revolution; Marxist theory revolutions; the Lenin ideas about revolution; Bolshevik party.

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