The concept of «freedom of speech» in American political thought of XX century

Author(s):  A.Yu. Bykov, no, no, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia,

Issue:  Volume 43, №15

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  The article deals with theoretical approaches to explanation of the "freedom of speech" phenomenon in the United States. The author pays attention to the American scientific schools and public mood of the 20th cen-tury that relate to the political sphere. Enlarged groups of research areas of freedom of speech are represent-ed. Several approaches are defined within the political direction, they are implemented in accordance with political considerations. Legislative and philosophical approaches, correlation of ideology to freedom of speech are studied. Ideology and politics are considered as the most important factors that may be loaded with understanding of freedom of speech and implementation of this category in practice. With the change of internal political cycles in the United States, ideological attitudes were also adjusted. This brought new semantics to the key political categories, including freedom of speech. Different approaches to the freedom of speech lead to the struggle of ideas about one of the most principle democratic categories. The circum-stances have exerted and continue to influence on political decisions in the United States.

Keywords:  freedom of speech, politics, ideology, political thought, political structure, journalism, USA

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