Capabilities of democratic states to respond and counter hybrid threats

Author(s):  P.V. Popov, no, no, Baltic State Technical University «Voenmeh» of D.F. Ustinov, St. Petersburg, Russia, pa052vel@rambler.ru

Issue:  Volume 47, № 1

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  Modern technologies, changing the familiar picture of the world and the perception of reality, lead to cardinal changes in all spheres of society. New forms and methods of warfare appear which led to the emergence of hybrid wars. Hybrid threats have become one of the modern challenges to the national security of any state. They reflect significant changes in the nature of international security. Some hybrid warfare concepts include extensive non-military tools. Within the framework of hybrid threats, the adversary can simultaneously use combinations of conventional and irregular methods of warfare, along with political, military, economic, social and informational means. The article discusses the capabilities of foreign democratic states in responding to and countering hybrid threats from the point of view of foreign experts. The analysis of the main structures created in several European countries responsible for countering hybrid threats has been carried out. The legal acts of the European Union uniting the existing experience and developing new mechanisms and best practices for preparing, responding to and counteracting the hybrid threats of leading foreign countries are considered, the conclusion on a number of general features is made.

Keywords:  hybrid wars, hybrid threats, cyber security, cyber-attacks, European Union.

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DOI:  10.18413/2687-0967-2020-47-1-187-193

Reference to article:  Popov P.V. 2020. Capabilities of democratic states to respond and counter hybrid threats. Via in tempore. History and political science, 47(1): 187–193 (in Russian). DOI