Coordination center as an element of international protection of environmental migrant

Author(s):  E.R. Abieva, no, no, Saint Petersburg state university, St. Petersburg, Russia, abievae@list.ru

Issue:  Volume 47, № 1

Rubric:  Topical issues of political science

Annotation:  The issue of climate change carries important ethical and social elements. Modern practice shows that the concept of «environmental migrant», as well as common approaches to managing environmental migration are absent in international systems and standards. The article discusses the necessity to create a unified system of international legal protection for persons affected in extreme situations of a natural character. Victims are understood as persons who were forced to leave areas with a dangerous for life and human health state of the environment, for example, in the result of technological disasters and related climate changes. This kind of population movement is often called «environmental migration», and those affected and forced to move are called «environmental migrants». The article discusses the characteristic properties and signs of «environmental migrant». A model of a unified coordinating center for working with environmental migrants is proposed, which differs from the existing ones by a focus on forecasting environmental migration, considering the experience of leading internationally known human rights organizations and the regional characteristics of the host and affected regions. The study uses an approach from the concept of «climate justice» to be implemented in a model of unified coordination center working with environmental migrants. To sum up, these measures contribute to the development of the most acceptable and effective mechanism for the successful coordination and solution to the problems associated with environmental migration at the international level.

Keywords:  climate change, ecological migration, forced relocation, environmental migrants, refugees, sustainability, urbanization, international law, international environmental law, international organizations.

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DOI:  10.18413/2687-0967-2020-47-1-178-186

Reference to article:  Abieva E.R. 2020. Coordination center as an element of international protection of environmental migrants. Via in tempore. History and political science, 47(1): 178–186 (in Russian). DOI