Intention of the Western Caucasus dolmens

Author(s):  N.I. Bondarev, Dr., Orel State University, Orel, Russia, nikbond@inbox.ru

T.A. Bondareva, no, no, Orel State University, Orel, Russia

Issue:  Volume 47, № 1

Rubric:  Topical issues of russian history

Annotation:  In the present article the critical analysis of the most interesting hypotheses of the appointment of dolmens of the Western Caucasus is carried out. A number of the arguments testifying against the main scientific hypothesis of their appointment existing now – constructions for burials is given. The main argument against this hypothesis is the complete absence of remains of burial contents in the vast majority of dolmens. The authors proposed and substantiated a new and most probable hypothesis of the initial appointment of the dolmens of the Western Caucasus. Dolmens served as shelters for children from large predators, random single hunters from other tribes and some natural phenomena. In favor of the hypothesis put forward by us testify the location, design and size of dolmens, their orientation on the sides of the world, as well as the way of life and living conditions of the population living at that time. The proposed hypothesis does not reject the possibility of later use of part of the dolmens for burial.

Keywords:  dolmens, houses «dwarfs», appointment of dolmens, burial facilities, shelters for children.

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DOI:  10.18413/2687-0967-2020-47-1-107-112

Reference to article:  Bondarev N.I., Bondareva T.A. 2020. Intention of the Western Caucasus dolmens. Via in tempore. History and political science, 47(1): 107–112 (in Russian). DOI