The review of modern basic polymers in orthopedic stomatology

Author(s):  V.S. Shtana, Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod , Russia, Yakovleva_v@bsu.edu.ru

I.P. Ryzhova, Dr., Prof., Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russia, inna3110@yandex.ru

Issue:  Volume 42, № 2

Rubric:  Stomatology

Annotation:  The increasing need of the population of our country for the orthopedic dental help obliges specialists to pay much attention to improvement of quality of the carried-out orthopedic treatment. Optimum restoration of the lost functions of a dentoalveolar system at a full or partial secondary edentia is one of relevant problems of orthopedic stomatology. In the last decades a large amount of the main and auxiliary materials for production removable the plastinochnykh of artificial limbs appeared. This article presents a literature review of modern basic polymers for the manufacture of removable prostheses. Dentists are among the first in medicine began to use polymeric materials (early XX century). Many dentists today understand that without a thorough approach to the study of the properties of basic materials used in dentistry, it is difficult to provide quality dental care, which results in functional usefulness, aesthetics and durability. Most of the bases of dentures, today, are made of acrylic plastics, as evidenced by numerous scientific studies. In addition, modern requirements to the quality of the main chemical components of modern polymers are increasing. In this regard, the domestic manufacturer of CJSC Experimental Experimental Plant VLAD-MiVa has produced a whole line of non-cursor plastics. Currently, there is an active study of new materials.

Keywords:  basic plastic, methylmethacrylate, ethylmethacrylate, removable artificial limbs, precursors, drug addiction.

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